The Firmament

The Bible describes a firmament separating earth from the heavens. The firmament seems to be some sort of solid barrier or dome that is around or above the earth. This differs significantly from the modern scientific view according to which the earth is surrounded by the atmosphere with different gases, but nothing solid.

The notion of the firmament has risen in relevance mainly due to the Flat Earth debate that has emerged fairly recently. Although if the firmament actually exists, it does not necessarily imply the earth is flat. A round, bubble-like firmament could encase the earth as well a dome might encase of flat earth. Therefore I won’t be discussing the shape of the earth in this post.

I think I should point out I am not a flat earther, nor a round earther. I am a truth seeker, and I do find the current flat earth debate relevant as there are many questions as to the nature of our world. If you think it is dumb merely to entertain the possibility that the earth might be flat, please forever hold your speech.

 

The Firmament and the Stars

Let’s see what the Bible says about the firmament.

Genesis 1:
1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.
5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.
6 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.
8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.
One interesting point is that according to the Bible there is supposed to be water above the firmament, i.e. in outer space. Is that why in science fiction shows like Star Trek and Star Wars they fly around in space ships and starships, and have a starfleet? Speaking of stars, what is the relation of the firmament to them?
Genesis 1:
14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.
17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,
18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
The Bible says that the stars and the “two great lights”, presumably the sun and the moon, are in the firmament. The firmament is often depicted something like this (along with the flat earth):
FlatFirmament
There is one detail I do not agree with. The image shows the sun, the moon and the stars beneath the firmament, not inside it. This is my interpretation of the firmament with the sun, moon and the stars within it (and you can clearly recognize my superior artistic ability):

Firmament

According to my understanding of the biblical description, what we call space (with the sun, moon and stars) is the firmament. The firmament is not behind them. Behind the firmament should be water. When we look up at the night sky and see stars and constellations we are seeing inside the firmament.

 

What is the Firmament made of?

The book of Job, which is supposedly the oldest book in the Bible describes the firmament as follows:

Job 37:18 Hast thou with him spread out the sky, which is strong, and as a molten looking glass?
Other translations of the Bible describe the firmament as ” a mirror of cast bronze” or a “cast metal mirror”. The Hebrew word used here is “raqiya” or “raqia”,  which is an “extended surface, (solid) expanse (as if beaten out”, according to Biblehub. Robert J. Schadewald describes the meaning of “raqia” as follows: “In ancient times, brass objects were either cast in the form required or beaten into shape on an anvil. A good craftsman could beat a lump of cast brass into a thin bowl.” Most of this biblical information is, by the way, from Rob Skiba’s brilliant flat earth research site Testing the Globe.com.
So the firmament that allegedly covers the heavens is a glass-like or metallic expanse. It is reflective like a mirror, or possibly transparent even. Do we have any evidence of such a thing? As far as I know, no-one has flown up there and said they’ve seen the firmament up there, but there is evidence of on the ground of mysterious glass-like debris.
Tektites “are gravel-size bodies composed of black, green, brown or gray natural glass formed from terrestrial debris ejected during extraterrestrial, meteorite impacts.” It is, according to modern science, glass from the skies.
tektites
There is also mysterious glass in the Libyan desert. I’ve heard theories it’s there, because of a nuclear detonation in the ancient world. It’s possible, or it could be from the firmament. I’m by far not the first person to make the suggestion that tektites or the Libyan glass are from the firmament, but I do find it compelling evidence. To be sure, however, we’d have to send a trustworthy explorer or probe up in the stratosphere to be sure whether there actually is glass in the sky or not. NASA or the space agencies are not a trustworthy source.
Although I’m not a Christian and not obliged to believe the Bible, I’ve began to notice in recent times that the Bible seems to be more accurate in describing reality than most of the so-called science in modern times. I do think it is possible that the firmament does exist. If it does not it could explain why NASA has faked their moon landings, and why it’s impossible, or at least even harder than thought before, to go into outer space.
Links:

Raqia: http://biblehub.com/hebrew/7549.htm

Tektites: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tektite

Libyan desert glass: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libyan_desert_glass

Glass sky, Libyan Desert Glass, indeed this could be an answer !! : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-P_oNZPw79o

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3 thoughts on “The Firmament”

  1. Check out the Concave Earth Theory. Don’t fall for the ad hominen’s when they point out the leader of the movement thinks he is Christ.

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