The youtuber Flat Earth Asshole uploaded a video yesterday pointing out how the azimuthal equidistant flat earth model is inaccurate due to how the sun behaves. I myself tried to figure out too some time ago how the sun supposedly moves on the circular flat earth model, and it didn’t make sense to me. According popular theories the sun goes around in circles around the disc of the earth as is shown in the picture below, but FEA points out in the video how it does not work based on the actual behaviour of the sun. I recommend watching the video.
Angle of the Sun
In his video Flat Earth Asshole refers to the website, SunCalc, which shows the location where the sun rises and sets in each location on earth. The video also shows a couple of film clips from Australia that seem to confirm the website’s information is accurate, at least in Australia. There is a consistent theme on SunCalc, that the sun always seems to rise from the south-east and set in south-west. The difference is that nearer the center, or the equator, the angle in which the sun heads south-west is more flat, whereas near the north pole and down south near Antarctica, the angle is more steep.
Below is how the angle is in Australia. Europe, the Americas, Africa and Asia have the same angle. The yellow line on the right represents sunrise, and the red line on the left represents sunset.
Below is the steep angle in Antarctica.
Below is the steep angle in Greenland up in the north.
I suggest checking out SunCalc and playing around with it for a while to understand it better. It is fairly simple to use.
Sun heads to Antarctica?
Based on SunCalc, assumming it is correct, it would suggest the sun is always coming from south-east in the morning and it sets in the south-west. The sun is coming from Antarctica and heading towards Antarctica? It doesn’t make sense. Or does it?
One theory I came up with, which seems compatible with the azimuthal equidistant map, is that maybe the sun is actually located above the alleged ice ring in Antarctica. It circles around the circle of the earth clockwise once each day. It acts like a big directed spotlight. When it summer on the southern “hemisphere”, the spotlight of the sun is projected toward the tropic of Capricorn. See the image below.
When it’s summer on the northern “hemisphere”, the spotlight shines on the tropic of Cancer.
It might be that this theory is dumb and easily refuted, but so far it’s the best model that I can conceive of based on observation. The regular sun models on the AE map don’t work, but I don’t think the earth is a sphere either. The fact that water does not curve in reality as it does on the pictures of the globe is proof of that. So maybe we don’t need to discard the AE map just yet?
My aim is not to defend the azimuthal equidistant projection. I’ve never accepted it as the gospel. I am simply trying to understand how things work.
I did try to think of alternative models based on the SunCalc-supported notion that the sun is always coming from south-east and heading south-west. If the AE map is wrong and SunCalc is correct then it would suggest that all of our maps are significantly false. They are not simple inaccurate to a certain extent, but the shapes of the continents and their locations are very different to we are shown in both the spherical model and the AE map.
I was trying to figure out a flat earth model that wasn’t like the AE disc. This is the best I could come up with.
As can be seen, this model is very rough, but the basic idea is that the sun come from the east and is heading south-west. After going past the Americas, it heads into the Antarctic, possibly going underground. The problem is that there is always day somewhere on earth, and if the sun is in the Antarctic or underground, how can there be daylight somewhere else? My only solution is that there are two suns, which is one possibility that Flat Earth Asshole mentioned in one of his older videos. One sun goes underground and the other rises somewhere in the east. If this model is correct, it would suggest there is something to the myth of the Black Sun.
The problem is, however, that Kamchatka in eastern Russia and Alaska in North America are nearly connected. So the map shown above cannot be correct, since those two parts are far from enough. Moreover if it looks like the sun is always coming from south-east, you’d have to rotate or mutate the continents into something completely different.
I do think that the Flat Earth Asshole made a great videos poking holes in the commonly held flat earth theories, and he called out some flat earthers for pushing this questionable narrative. Yet maybe it’s not time to retire the AE map just yet. I certainly don’t think the map is 100% accurate, probably nobody does, however maybe the basic idea depicted on the map is correct, but just the theories about the movement of the sun are faulty. At least so far, the alternatives to a flat earth round disc model that I can think of seem very far-fetched and go into Möbius strip kind of scifi territory.
Flat Earth Asshole rightly suggested in his video that it’s better not to have any model than a faulty one. So I’m curious to see what people have to say about my sun circulating around the Antarctic ice ring-model. It is entirely possible that I am not the first one to come up with this idea, but I don’t recall anyone else mentioning this possible explanation for the movement of the sun.
The End of the FAKE Flat Earth: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HvryGzjPpz8